Historians regard Stonetown and the main region of Zanzibar as very important in historical and architectural terms that go to show the prominence of East African culture. Its history dates back to the 19th century. The Swahili people are native to the region have greatly impacted on the culture. Their language called Swahili is the lingua franca of regional people and in other parts of Southeastern Africa. The people in Congo speak Swahili including the Tanzanians, Ugandans, Kenyans, Rwandans, Burundians and Mozambicans. The culture, however, is a mix of Indian, Persian, Arabian and Moorish including European.
In 2000, UNESCO declared that Zanzibar including Stonetown as part of the world heritage sites. Stonetown and its suburbs were earlier fishing villages. But gradually turned out to be Stonetown in which the first Stone Shelter is said to have been built in 1830. Oman controlled the Zanzibar Archipelago and a Sultan shifted his capital to Stonetown in 1840. However, war erupted between Oman and Zanzibar in 1861 and the two regions separated. Then Zanzibar became independent under a sultanate.
Stonetown Zanzibar and the region developed as a major market in 19th century. It became renowned for trading in slaves and spices during this period. British explorer David Livingstone had stayed in Stonetown in the middle of the century before he set out to explore the East African interior. At the end of the century, many Persians and Indians as well as Omanians entered Stonetown for trading, converting it into multi-linguistic and multi-ethnic land that attracts visitors on Tanzania Safari in large numbers.
A range of historic and important locations attract people on a Tanzania Safari from around the world year round to the Stonetown.